PC building guide
Hey guys, so you finally decide to build your very first gaming pc. And that’s why you came up this PC building guide article. First of all, read the whole article to get the maximum knowledge. As it helps you to not just save money also give you the best price to performance build.
I’m going to step by step, so you won’t get confused very much. After reading this PC building guide article, you’re going to know everything a pc builder should know.
You will get know
- How to and which component you should choose according to your needs.
- How to set your budget on which purpose you’re building your PC.
- Also some technical terms you need to know before building a PC
Also, I will list some product of each component based on your purpose. So you don’t need to find the right component. But first, you need to consider some things.
1. Guide Set your budget for pc building
A PC can be built from $400 or 40,000Rs to up to $1000 or $2000 or 1,00,000Rs-1,50,000Rs(you can go how much you imagine). It is very important to set your budget first that how much you can effort for your PC build. An Idel price mark is $500-$600 in 2019 for a decent PC. It can be doing all the basic task, multitasking, plus gaming on a decent frame rate.
If you set your budget around $700-$800 or 70,000Rs-80,000Rs, you will get a decent experience also 60+ frame rates while gaming. In order to run modern games at a decent 60fps, it’s highly recommended to spend at least this much amount.
Setting your budget higher can also provide you extra more features and performance. A $1000 or 1,00,000Rs build definitely gives you more performance than a $700 or 50,000Rs build. At this budget, you can stream your games plus able to do productivity task such as video editing, photo editing, etc.
Although, you can do some editing or graphics demand task with a $700 build, but not as much smooth or faster as a $1000 build. But before finalizing your budget think about for the purpose you want that PC. Because in the end, it will decide your budget, how much you should spend.
2. Understand your purpose
As I said before your purpose will be going set your budget. So, Its also important to understand your needs. A wrong decision can cause you losing money. For example, you are a student or a casual gamer, doing just a little bit of gaming. Here’s not point to spend a $1000 right!.
Similarly, if you are a content creator or video editor, a cheap $400 PC isn’t enough handles the workloads and will slow your productivity. That’s definitely you don’t want to happen.
esports games like CS-GO or Dota 2, or any other battle game can easily run on a $600 build at a playable fps. As esports evolving more and more from the last couple of decades, It’s good to invest extra money on your system. If you are a professional gamer or a professional esports player, a $1000 budget will be the starting point.
In short, think about what you want and set your budget accordingly to it. After everything set up you need know to the basic of PC components (which is our next point) It does not just help you choose the right component plus saves your extra money.
3. Guide to components needed for building a PC
For building a pc you need some components.
- Graphics card
- Power supply
During choosing your component make sure they are price worthy and compatible with other components. Although I do cover every point and some technical terms you need to know.
A wrong component causes a compatibility issue and thus your pc get bottlenecked. For example, a $50 CPU is not well enough powerful that it can run a $300 graphics card. Therefore, your GPU gets bottlenecked and unable to run at full potential.
Let’s see each component one by one…
PC building guide to choosing components
A processor or CPU(Central Processing Unit) is the brain of your computer. A good processor can able to do multiple tasks very fast and smoothly. Before buying processor look through its specification list, hence you get the know, how your CPU will perform.
Cores and threads refer to how many tasks a processor can handle at the same time. A higher number of cores and threads will help you to do multi-core task such as video editing, streaming, multitasking, etc.
Talking about cores, Intel hyper-threading technology can double your cores. Although not physically its logically do that. The interesting thing is that, although it’s logically, but your OS will treat and split the workload as two CPUs. Just look at the specification list of the CPU to know if it’s support hyper-threading or not.
Clock speed refers to how fast a task can be completed. Clock speed measure with MHz or GHz. 1 MHz representing 1 million cycles per second. While 1 GHz representing 1 thousand million cycles per second. The higher the CPU speed, the better a computer will perform, in a general sense.
For gaming, a higher clock speed will give you better result and fps. Although you can increase your clock speed by overclocking your CPU. All AMD’s desktop processor and Intel -K series are overclockable. For video encoding and streaming games on youtube and twitch, having 8 cores or 16 cores CPU will be a good choice.
CPU you can choose for budget gaming:
- Intel Core i5-9400F
- Intel Core i5-8400K
- AMD Ryzen 5 3600
- AMD Ryzen 5 2600
- Intel Core i5-9600K
- Intel Core i7 8700K
- AMD Ryzen 7 3700x
High-end gaming and streaming CPU:
- Intel Core i9-9900K
- Intel Core i7-9700K
- AMD Ryzen 9 3900x
The motherboard comes with different socket and size. Intel’s processors are compatible with the Z-series and AMD’s processor are compatible with B series or X series motherboard. Most modern Intel’s processor required LGA socket and AMD processor require AM4 socket.
If you are planning to overclock your CPU, make sure your motherboard supports overclocking. All the motherboards come in ATX, mATX, ITX size. ATX is the largest and ITX is the smallest in size.
Look at the number of RAM slot, how much RAM it will supports. Also, Look for PCI.e slot, number of SATA port, M.2 slot, etc before buying a motherboard. Always go for future proof. At least 2 PCI.e slots, 4 memory slots 3-4 SATA ports are recommended. So look through the specification list.
You can choose mobo from Gigabyte, MSI, Asus, EVGA any one of these reputed companies.
The most important component for a gaming PC. Almost 50% of your budget will take the graphics card. So choose a graphics card carefully and as per your need. Which graphics card will best for you it depends on what type or on which resolution you play games.
GPU and graphics card manage all the graphical demand task like playing games, video rendering, etc. Most modern games and AAA titles require a decent graphics for getting at least a playable frame rate.
Check the VRAM amount and clock speed. VRAM or video memory is used to store graphical data before showing to the monitor. DDR5, DDR5X, DDR6 is the best type of memories.
on 1080P 60fps gaming a 2GB-4GB is a must required for modern games. If you are gaming on 1440P resolution 6GB VRAM is recommended. And if you fall that 0.5% of people who play games at 4k then 8GB VRAM will be your starting point.
VRAM is used on resolution and the game setting you want to set. But how much fps you will get is dependent on how powerful your GPU is. The power of the graphics card does not depend on VRAM or clock speed.
A high-end RTX 2080ti graphics card will not compatible with a core i3. The CPU will easily bottleneck the GPU. So choose the GPU according to your CPU to avoid the bottleneck.
GPU for budget gaming:
- Nvidia GTX 1650
- AMD RX 570
- AMD RX 580
- Nvidia GTX 1060
- Nvidia GTX 1660ti
- AMD RX 590
- Nvidia RTX 2060
- Nvidia RTX 2070/2070ti
- Nvidia RTX 2080/2080ti
- AMD Radeon 7
Memory or RAM is another important part of your gaming PC. A fast and higher amount of memory always gives you an extra boost in your performance. RAM is tied up with your CPU, It can affect your CPU performance.
A dual-channel or quad-channel memory is always better than a single-channel memory. While purchasing make sure it supports dual or quad-channel. If yes, then buying two RAM sticks(4GB x 4GB or 8GB x 8GB) is worthy rather than a single 8GB or 16GB stick.
You should always consider a DDR4 memory for fast performance. DDR4 memory also boosts your multi-tasking or other productivity tasks such as video encoding or rendering. The higher amount of memory, the more multi-task a PC can perform without compromising in performance.
So how much RAM should you buy? Well, it depends, for decent 60fps gaming or little bit multi-tasking 8GB will be a good starting choice. On the other hand, if you stream your games on twitch or youtube, then 16GB is always recommended. But if you are a content creator or video editor, no doubt 32GB memory will increase your productivity.
Best budget RAM Sticks
- Corsair Vengeance LPX 8GB DDR4 3000MHz
- Corsair Vengeance LPX 16GB DDR4 3000MHz
Best RGB sticks
- GSkill TridantZ 16GB DDR4 3000MHz
- GSkill TridantZ 16GB DDR4 3200MHz
So for storage, you should buy an SSD as well as an HDD. Nowadays not having an SSD, treat your PC slow and shitty. Although SSD does not just increase your overall performance also, it fast your file shearing, booting speed, etc. But SSD is more expensive than an HDD.
You can consider a 250GB SSD for windows to install the main operating system and store some important software. You will notice Softwares will be loaded very fast also boots your computer really quick. On the other hand, an HDD can store your games and media files.
A standard 1TB or 2TB 7200rpm HDD or a 250GB SSD will be a good starting choice.
Purchasing a power supply is pretty straight forward. Any reputed brand power supply is good. But how much wattage you need? 500W, 800W, or 1000W? Look at components you choose before. Are they much power-hungry?
Most of the power will consume by your GPU and CPU. Always having some extra wattage is good, it makes your PSU future proof plus it can provide a good amount of power to the components without compromise.
As the PC components are so sensitive and expensive, you don’t want to damage them. Right!. You should buy a power supply from a reputed brand like Corsair, Cooler Master, EVGA, etc. A third-party XYZ brand power supply can seriously damage your components.
Look at the rating on the PSU. Is it 80+ certified? If yes then it’s a good power supply, if no, don’t buy it. Any 80+ PSU whether it’s gold, bronze, platinum is considered a good power supply.
It’s so easy to buy a cabinet. Pick your cabinet as per your motherboard size ATX, mATX or ITX. If your mobo size is mATX then choose an ATX cabinet. Because it gives you some space to work on also for good airflow. A bigger case gives your components some space to breathe.
Cabinet comes with tempered glass side panel. The tempered glass side panel is for good looking it will not affect your performance. It is good to see the RBG components(If you have RBG on RAM, CPU cooler ) inside your case.
Look at ports on the front I/O of the cabinet. The most budget case doesn’t include the USB 3.0 port. So make sure it has at least 1 USB 3.0 port.
Airflow is most important in your cabinet to keep cool your PC component. So always choose cabinet with at least 4 fans section, 2 for intake and 2 for exhaust.